An automatic classification system into either malignant or benign microcalcification from mammograms is a helpful tool in breast cancer diagnosis. From a set of extracted features, a classifying method using neural networks can provide a probability estimation that can help the radiologist in his diagnosis. With this objective in mind, this paper proposes a feature selection algorithm from a massive number of features based on a statistical distance method in conjunction with a genetic algorithm (GA). The use of a statistical distance as optimality criterion was improved with genetic algorithms for selecting an appropriate subset of features, thus making this algorithm capable of performing feature selection from a massive set of initial features. Additionally, it provides a criterion to select an appropriate number of features to be employed. Experimental work was performed using Generalized Softmax Perceptrons (GSP), trained with a Strict Sense Bayesian cost function for direct probability estimation, as microcalcification classifiers. A Posterior Probability Model Selection (PPMS) algorithm was employed to determine the network complexity. Results showed that this algorithm converges into a subset of features which has a good classification rate and Area Under Curve (AUC) of the Receiver Operating Curve (ROC). {\^A}{\textcopyright} Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007.

}, keywords = {Breast cancer, Diagnosis, Feature extraction, Genetic algorithms, Mammography, Microcalcification classification, Network complexity, Neural network classifiers, Neural networks, Tumors}, isbn = {9783540742715}, issn = {03029743}, url = {http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-38149142403\&partnerID=40\&md5=ef139db3a0e5d603c4f721316abdcf2c}, author = {G V Sanchez-Ferrero and Juan I. Arribas} } @conference {417, title = {A radius and ulna skeletal age assessment system}, booktitle = {2005 IEEE Workshop on Machine Learning for Signal Processing}, year = {2005}, address = {Mystic, CT}, abstract = {An end to end system to partially automate the TW3 bone age assessment procedure is proposed. The system comprises the detailed analysis of the two more important bones in TW3: the radius and ulna wrist bones. First, a generalization of K-means algorithm is presented to semi-automatically segment the contour of the bones and thus extract up to 89 features describing shapes and textures from bones. Second, a well-founded feature selection criterion based on the statistical properties of data is used in order to properly choose the most relevant features. Third, bone age is estimated with the help of a Generalized Softmax Perceptron (GSP) Neural Network (NN) whose optimal complexity is estimated via the Posterior Probability Model Selection (PPMS) algorithm. We can then predict the different development stages in both radius and ulna, from which we are able to score and estimate the bone age of a patient in years and finally we compare the NN results with those from the pediatrician expert discrepancies. {\^A}{\textcopyright} 2005 IEEE.

}, keywords = {Algorithms, Bone, Feature extraction, Generalized Softmax Perceptron (GSP), Living systems studies, Neural networks, Probability Model Selection (PPMS), Skeletal age assessment system}, isbn = {0780395174; 9780780395176}, doi = {10.1109/MLSP.2005.1532903}, url = {http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-33749052083\&partnerID=40\&md5=eefa29ac09f4efa304b613cf07ab8d10}, author = {Antonio Trist{\'a}n-Vega and Juan I. Arribas} }