Multiresolution Reconstruction of Real-Time MRI with Motion Compensated Compressed Sensing: Application to 2D Free-Breathing Cardiac MRI

TitleMultiresolution Reconstruction of Real-Time MRI with Motion Compensated Compressed Sensing: Application to 2D Free-Breathing Cardiac MRI
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsRoyuela-del-Val, J., M. Usman, L. Cordero-Grande, M. Martin-Fernandez, F. Simmross-Wattenberg, C. Prieto, and C. Alberola-Lopez
Conference NameInternational Symposium on Biomedical Engineering: From Nano to Macro
Date Published2016
PublisherIEEE Signal Processing Society
Conference LocationPrague, Check Republic
KeywordsCompressive sensing & sampling, Image reconstruction – analytical & iterative methods, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Abstract

Real-time MRI is a novel noninvasive imaging technique that allows the visualization of physiological processes with both good spatial and temporal resolutions. However, the reconstruction of images from highly undersampled data, needed to perform real-time imaging, remains challenging. Recently, the combination of Compressed Sensing theory with motion compensation techniques has shown to achieve better results than previous methods. In this work we describe a real-time MRI algorithm based on the acquisition of the k-space data following a Golden Radial trajectory, Compressed Sensing reconstruction and a groupwise temporal registration algorithm for the estimation and compensation of the motion in the image, all this embedded within a temporal multiresolution scheme. We have applied the proposed method to the reconstruction of free-breathing acquisition of short axis views of the heart, achieving a temporal resolution of 25ms, corresponding to an acceleration factor of 28 with respect to fully sampled Cartesian acquisitions.